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3 comments / Posted by Bruce Ohms

 Guitar player with crowd

When you decide to add effects to your guitar sound start by asking yourself “Do I want to change my sound? Or do I want to add something to my sound?”

Think about those old effects pedals that go between your guitar and the input of your amplifier. The signal goes from one pedal to the next in series. There is only one signal path from the guitar, through each of the pedals and on to the amplifier. On the other hand, when your engineer turns up the delay send on your guitar channel at the mixer, part of your sound is sent to the delay processor and then returned to the mixer but the main signal still runs dry [unaffected] through your channel, so you hear a mix of the two in the main speakers. Parallel effects systems allow you to blend your sound with the effect.

Start by asking yourself “Do I want to change the fundamental character of the sound with this effect?” If so you will want to use this effect in series, and generally prior to any parallel effects you plan to use. Some examples of effects that tend to work best this way are distortion and wah, where you want your guitar to sound like the effect. With series effects it is important to consider which order you put them in because each subsequent effect is colored by the ones before it in the signal chain. Any series effects that you want to come after your amplifier preamp will go in the series effects loop. 

Series loop setup:

It is very important to match the signal levels of your series effects to the loop you are using especially when the effect can be bypassed. On simpler pedals, input, output or mix volumes may not be available, so you will have to work with what is available. Sometimes you can include other pedals with these controls to help. For the ideal situation this is the process: Start by adjusting the effect input level for a strong clean signal, and then adjust the output level so that it doesn’t change your volume when you bypass the loop. Then if your effect has a mix level, you can adjust the mix to your liking. The mix level makes it a parallel effect, but because the mix is internal to your effect unit and the unit is placed in the series loop of your amp, you are still always sending the original signal through the effect unit. The electronics of the effect unit will still have some effect not present when it is not plugged in to the series effects loop.

Using the parallel loop:

If you want to blend the effect along with your main guitar signal, then you’ll want to use a parallel effects loop. Any kind of processing will push your guitar farther back in the mix and reduce how much clarity and presence it will have out front. By running your effects in parallel you can keep your main guitar sound dry [unprocessed] and up front. Spatial effects like delay, reverb and chorus are intended to be parallel effects in normal use (although some of us are abnormal users). In fact, a chorus effect, without original signal, would simply be a very short odd delay, and the delay effect would just be you later. As mentioned some effects units allow you to program the mix inside of the unit. And in a pinch you can accomplish parallel effects in a series loop by setting the mix inside your processor, but the tone of your main guitar signal will be affected by the quality of your effects unit’s dry or original single circuitry.

Listen to some of your favorite guitar sounds and see if you can recognize which effects are in series and which ones are parallel. Then try some effects concepts of your own. Be sure to match the signal levels to avoid signal degradation (wrecking your tone) and become familiar with how the different effects interact when combined in various ways. Pedal type effects are usually intended to go between the guitar and amp, and rack effects are usually designed to be used in your effects loop. Carvin Audio’s V3 amplifier allows you to use both series and parallel connections to your effects.

V3 Effects Loop

V3 amp features series and parallel connections

Be creative. Think of effects as special colors and tools that you can use to make your music uniquely personal. There is no “right” or “wrong” way to process your sound, only those that become your favorites and those that are soon forgotten. 


  • Posted On August 17, 2016 by Den Finch

    Hi Guys,

    I’m a bassist and use several effects between my bass and the amp input, which l believe is in series. I use a compressor, two pre-amps, octave pedal, chorus, flanger and envelope filter. I think l have them in the correct signal chain, but what are your views on whether I should put them all into the send and return output and input on the back of my Carvin B2000. Would there be any advantage to this course of action. Also, if you wouldn’t mind, can you tell me what sequence I should place these effects…

    Thank you very much.

    Kind regards.

    Den Finch

  • Posted On August 16, 2016 by Ken

    Great discussion, thank you. Though, part of my problem is that when I put the effects in parallel, where I typically like them, the DI output from my BX600 bass amplifier head does not output the effects, just the clean line signal, which is routed to the PA. Only the on-stage speaker output has the effects output.

  • Posted On August 16, 2016 by Michael Gervais

    cool info….thank you for posting this…lots of good things to know….right on….Cheers

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